Our Heroic Vineyards
Typicality of our wines originates from our heroic vineyards, from the so-called "terroir", which provides a unique imprint to the products. Our vineyards consist of three plots set on a hill, for a total of about 2.7 ha. The hill is located in an area of sandstones, even outcropping; soils consist of friable light marl, with small lenses of red clay, chalky substrates and fine sands. All vineyards lay at an altitude from 150 to 230 meters above sea level, exposure is westward.
Steep slopes, poor water availability, permanent grass cover, absence of fertilization, short pruning, vines care, manual harvest are all measures applied to proper manage the vineyard and to obtain higher quality of grapes and a higher sugar content of the must.
Vineyards cultivated with respect for nature
Complying to the integrated production regulations, we contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and the improvement of environmental sustainability. Infact we use copper and sulfur for treatments, but we do not ask for organic certification because we integrate such treatments with a phosphorus-based foliar fertilizer to increase the resistance of the plant and reduce the number of treatments. In this way it is possible to decrease the overall amount of product used during the season, to values lower than allowed in organic agriculture, and the CO2 emitted by the tractor. Our goal is to protect our family, who spend a lot of time working in the vineyard. In doing so, the authenticity of the wine produced is also protected.
Land is grass covered and fertilized only with pruning residues and mowed grass, with the skins and lees remaining from the production of wines, completing a virtuous circle. Production per vine is very low, the average yield is 4000 to 6000 Kg/ha and varies according to season and variety (lower for red grapes, higher for white ones). Harvesting is strictly manual and performed at the optimal point of maturation and only the best grapes are transformed in wine.
Our vines grow and develop listening to classical music, which we bring with us in the vineyard to brighten our working days.
Ours is considered heroic viticulture, according to the dictates of CERVIM, Centre for Research, Environmental Sustainability and Advancement of Mountain Viticulture, because we cultivate vineyards with very high slopes, on average 40%, with peaks that reach even 80%, like and more than black runs!! Mechanization is difficult, most of the work is done manually, the production is limited but concentrated. When viticulture gets tough, Bricco dei Roncotti begins.
We are Independent Winegrowers, and even more, because we personally and carefully follow every working phase, from the plantation of the vine to the bottling phase, to have maximum control of the production chain! Our wines come only from our grapes; we don't use any bunches, must or wine that don't come from our vineyards!
This vineyard dates back to 2004, the planting layout is 2.3x1, corresponding to about 4400 vines per hectare; we chose a very dense plantation to obtain the highest possible quality and concentration. Croatina grapes outnumber this vineyard. In 2019 a small area in the lower part of the hill, fresher and more suitable for white grapes, was over grafted with malvasia and riesling.
Growing system is guyot; the production per plant is limited and therefore the grapes ripen always optimally. Sugar content of the grapes harvested in the upper part of the vineyard is very high, consequently wines are rich in structure and complexity of aromas.
It is the oldest vineyard and with the most extreme steepness points. Plantation date back in the early Seventies and was renovated in the late Nineties, with the replacement of all the wires and poles. We left vines and some cherry, plum and apricot plants that provide us fruit for fresh consumption or for jams. Vineyard has a planting layout of 2x1.8, the growing system is guyot. White grapes, italic and rhenish riesling and aromatic malvasia of Candia, are present in the lower part of the hill, cooler and characterized by strong day-night temperature variations. Red grapes prevail in the upper part of the hill, warmer and drier, 90% croatina and the remaining 10% of barbera, uva rara and fortana; in this area there are also spread plants of riesling and malvasia.
It is the last planted vineyard, dating back to 2005, plant layout varies between 2.2x1.0 and 2.4x1.0, corresponding to around 4400 plants per hectare; we chose a very dense plantation to obtain the highest possible quality and concentration. Growing system is guyot, apart from cabernet sauvignon grown with a spurred cordon. Production per plant is limited and therefore the grapes ripen always optimally.
Considering the vocation of the land to great quality wines, after a intense research started by my father Arnaldo and continued by me, we decided to plant vines historically cultivated for the production of important wines, such as nebbiolo, sangiovese and cabernet sauvignon. In this vineyard also croatina, ughetta di Canneto and barbera, reach equally high quality levels.
Mistero (sangiovese and cabernet sauvignon), buttafuoco (croatina, barbera and ughetta di Canneto), primatio (nebbiolo) and roncotto (made with all the previous 6 varieties of grapes) come from this vineyard.
In the Bricco dei Roncotti we mainly cultivate 8 grapes varieties.
There are also other kind of grapes, present in few number, such as Moscato, Rhenish Riesling, Uva rara, Fortana (or golden grapes) and other present in even less numbers. All the photos of the grapes are taken exclusively from our vineyards.
The distribution of the grapes along the slopes of the hill is represented in the following image.