The vineyards consist of three plots, totaling approximately 2.7 hectares, which for convenience have been named according to their relative location in the farm: Center, North, South. It is not very imaginative but it is certainly very practical and intuitive. The hill is located in an area of sandstone, even emerging above ground level; the soil consists of friable yellow marl, with small red clay lenses and fine sands and lie at an altitude between 150 and 230 meters a.s.l..; exposure is towards west, the slope is very steep.
We cultivated our vineyard with respect to nature, following an agricultural integrated production, contributing in a significant way to the conservation of biodiversity and increasing the environment sostenability of our product. For example the soil is fertilized only with pruning residuals and grass cutted and pressed grapes coming from our vinification process, in a sort of virtuous circle.
The land slope, the high number of vines per hectare, the small amount of water in the soil, the permanent grass cover, the absence of chemical fertilization, the short and accurate pruning in winter, the green operations in spring and summer lead to manage the vineyard in the best way to have a superior grapes quality and higher sugar content. Our vine production is not much, ranging from 5000 to 7500 kg/ha, according to seasonal variation and vine kind (smaller for reds, higher for whites). Harvesting is strictly manual and performed at the optimal point of maturation and only the best grapes are transformed in wine.
Planted in 2004, single guyot with a planting pattern of 2.3x1.1 m and 4000 vines per hectare.
Croatina grapes is present in most of the vineyard, few Malvasia and Riesling plants (grafted in 2019) are present in the lower part of the hill; production per plant is limited and therefore the ripening of the grapes is optimal.
The sugar content of the grapes at the moment of the harvest, specially at the top of the hill, is very high, the wine we obtain has usually an alchool content of at least 14 %.
It is the oldest vineyard. The plant was built at the beginning of the 70's and recovered at the end of the 90's with the replacement of all wires and poles. All the vines and fruit plants (cherry, peri and apricot) have been retained to provide fruits for fresh consumption or for jams. The vineyard is a double guyot and has a planting pattern of about 2x1.8 m. In the lower part of the hill we found the white grapes, italic and rhenish riesling and malvasia. At the top of the hill there are red grapes, 90% is croatina and the remaining is barbera, uva rara and fortana; in this area there are also isolated plants of riesling and malvasia.
This is the last planted vineyard, in 2005, the planting pattern is 2.3x1.1 m, density is 4000 vines per hectare. The cultivation system is simple guyot, only cabernet sauvignon is spurred cordon. The limited plant production favors the ripening of the grapes, the sugar content of the grapes at the moment of the harvest is very high, the wine we obtain has usually an alchool content of 14 %. Considering the vocation of the land to produce wines of great alchool, tannins and structure, we planted variety of vine historically used for the production of important wines such as nebbiolo, sangiovese and cabernet sauvignon. In the vineyard there are also croatina, ughetta di canneto and barbera, they reaches at least the same high quality levels of the more known variety of grapes.
From this vineyard we obtain the wines: mistero (sangiovese and cabernet sauvignon), buttafuoco (croatina, barbera and ughetta di canneto), primatio (nebbiolo) and roncotto (blend of six different kind of grapes).
In the Bricco dei Roncotti are mainly cultivated 8 grapes varieties.
There are also other kind of grapes, present in few number, such as Moscato, Rhenish Riesling, Uva rara, Fortana (or golden grapes).
The distribution of the grapes along the slopes of the hill is represented in the following image.